Թուրքական Գրականության Նորարարը. Թեվֆիք Ֆիքրեթ

by/հեղինակ[ներ] on 15/03/2011  •  In Հավելված

The literary and pedagogical contribution of Tevfik Fikret (1867-1915) is exceptional in the cultural history of Turkey of the late 19th and early 20th century.

The writer is introduced as a prominent poet and children’s writer, as a skilled editor and publicist, as well as a progressive pedagogue raising sharp issues of education and instruction.

Unequivocally, Tevfik Fikret has his unique and leading role in the literary studies of Turkey during the era called “Servet-i Fyunun Literature” (“Servet-i Funun Edebiyati”).

After taking the office of the Chief Editor of the “Servet-i Funun” journal in this period he turns it into a literary-art journal, the foundation for modernization of Turkish literature and an instrument introducing “westernization” (“garpcilik”) into Turkish literature.

This outstanding poet witnessed two fatal periods of the Ottoman Empire: his literary career coincided with Sultan Abdul Hamid’s era of tyranny — “zulum”, and then with the rule of the Young Turks. With his works and public activities Tevfik Fikret managed to stay away from the criminal policy of the Young Turks’ government in the national matters: in this sense also Tevfik Fikret stands out among the intelligent people of the time. He came and remained the innovator of Turkish literature. The poet’s collection of poems “The Broken Lyre” (“Rubab-i Sikeste”) is the evidence of establishing rebellious civil lyricism in Turkish literature.

Before Tevfik Fikret, the capital of the Ottoman Empire had never undergone such a powerful criticism as in his poetry: for the first time in Turkish literature, implementing a deep allegory (fog — the administration of Abdul Hamid), the author calls Istanbul “a disgusting, villainous, damned city, a square for violence, a world skirts” (“The Fog” (“Sis”).

The poem, “One Moment of Procrastination” (“Bir Lahza-i Te’ahhur”) is about the failed attempt to assassinate Abdul Hamid on July 21, 1905. This poem was sharply criticized by Turkish historians and literary critics as Tevfik Fikret calls the avenger of Armenian origin who made the attempt “a glorious hunter” (“sanli avci”).

The poem “The Old Story” is particularly valuable as it is, in fact, a unique reflection upon universal history and values. In the poem “The Old Story” the poet opposes religious dogmas and proposes the concept of doubt.

In his collection “Halouk’s Notebook” (“Haluk’un Defteri”) published in 1911, Tevfik Fikret put his most democratic and optimistic poems where the poet expressed his bright moods concerning a happy and wonderful future and the fate ofhis motherland.

Tevfik Fikret’s poetry for children with its bright ideas, educational and instructive significance, and variable genres is a unique phenomenon generally in Turkish literature (“Shermin”).


Loading...

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Թողնել պատասխան

Ձեր էլ-փոստի հասցեն չի հրապարակվելու։ Պարտադիր դաշտերը նշված են *-ով