Part I. The Post-Structural Paradigm and Quantitative or Serial Concepts
Smbat Kh. Hovhannisyan
The paper deals with the problems of the so-called third phase of the Annales School, which met the serious challenge of working out new paradigms and concepts of studying history in the 1940-50s. It questioned the concept of Total history from the point of view of post-structural criticism. And the main actor of that was M. Fucault who elaborated a new historical discourse.
The other results of the criticism were the Quantitative and Serial concepts. They contained contradictions with the holistic method of historical research. But their consent with the latter was obvious as well since only the combination of various methods is able to uncover more profound levels of the past, present and future. In this light, the necessity of viewing history from many sides comes to the fore.