Category Archives: REVIEWS

David Petrosyan. Narration, Media-text, Reverse Perspective Yerevan, YSU, 2017, 184pp. – 2017-3

Summary

Sergey A. Aghajanyan

Key words – Narration, speech, media-text, reverse perspective, essay, scientific method, term, identity, text, variant reading.

The summary presents the content and structure of the fragmented monograph «Narration, Media-text, Reverse Perspective» by D. Petrosyan. The work consists of three parts. The first section articles aim at finding out the connection between narration and reverse perspective in the context of mythical and rational time, space and memory.

The main problem of the second part is the dialogistic character of mediatext, inter-textual and inner-textual development where linear connections and relations from media to auditorium and vice versa are shown.

The final collection of essays aim at the synthesis of the previous two sections on metaphysical level. Here the peculiarities of author’s artistic perception of a human being are revealed.

A PATH TO SHIRAZ BY SAMVEL MURADYAN – 2017-3

Summary

Knarik A. Abrahamyan

Key words – Hovhannes Shiraz, poetry, literary criticism, literary continuity, monograph, creative history, biographer, comprehensive analysis.

Hovhannes Shiraz is an author who kept the figure of Newest Armenian Literature with his national shapes. And it’s something strange that his some creative characters were obscure for literary critics. Samvel Muradyan’s two toms come to answer many questions. In this article we have tried to show the scientific value of author’s research.

LONG-AWARE SCIENTIFIC WORK – 2017-3

Summary

Avag A. Harutyunyan

Key words – Ararat Uprising, Khoyboun, ARF Dashnaktsutyun, Kemalists, USSR, Reza Shah, Artashes Muradyan, Red Army, Soviet intelligence, blockade, defeat.

The monograph is devoted to the most important stage of the Armenian-Kurdish political and military cooperation, which until now has not been the subject of a special study in Armenian historiography.

In the context of the Ararat Uprising, ha have analyzed the political, military, chronical and geographical features of the Kurdish movement, the conditions for the awakening of the Kurdish national identity, the evolution of the Kurdish nationalist circles in the sense of cooperation between Hoybun and the AR Federation (Dashnaktsutyun), the mechanisms for forming the Hoybun, political goals of the new stage of the Armenian-Kurdish relations.

David Gyulzatyan. The doctrine of the expression of the literary Eastern Armenian language. Yerevan, “Global University”, 2015, 296 pp. – 2016-3

Summary

Siranush G. Hovhannisyan

Key words – linguistics, descriptive grammar, normative theoretical grammar, textbook, manual for self-tuition, G. Jahukyan, term, language style.

The article discusses the book of D. Gyulzatyan “The doctrine of the terms of the literary Eastern Armenian language”, published in Yerevan in 2015. There is given a description of the book, some linguistic and stylistic features, there are highlighted some of the main advantages of the book, and comments are made. The book consists of the theoretical material solidly outlined and a set of various practical tasks to strengthen the material. It is concluded that this work of D. Gyulzatyan may be important for both students and researchers to the scope presented in this manual for self-tuition.

Albert A. Kharatyan, Western-Armenian press at the end of its history (1900-1922), Yerevan, Institute of History of NAS RA, 2015, 533 p. – 2016-1

Summary

Mariam H. Gevorkyan

Keywords – Western Armenian press, Constantinople, Smyrna, Hamid censorship, Young Turks, the official newspaper “Azatamart”, newspaper “Verjin lur” (“Latest News”), weekly “Aragats”, newspaper “Arevelyan Mamul” (“Oriental Press” ).

The following valuable work of Albert A. Kharatyan (Corresponding Member of NAS RA) called “Western-Armenian press at the end of its history (1900-1922)” summarizes a very important period of development of the Armenian periodical press – the history of Western Armenian press in the first quarter of the 20th century. The author summed up and presented a certain period of the history of Western-Armenian press in a consistent and systematic way, defining at the same time the role and the importance of a number of leading periodicals.

The significance of the work consists also of the fact that it considers the periodic press that has not previously been the subject of systematic research. There were only a few references, comments concerning a particular periodical or editor.

The work by A. Kharatyan gives a full and deep understanding of WesternArmenian public opinion, national issues, political and cultural realities of the first quarter of the 20th century, creating some serious information basis for further study and research of media and political thought.

COLLECTED WORKS OF TAGUHI SHISHMANYAN – 2015-4

Taguhi Shishmanyan (Oriord Menik), works (examined by Al. A. Makaryan), Yerevan, “Nairi” Pub., 2015, 204 p.

Summary

Hayk A. Hambardzumyan

Key words – Taguhi Shishmanyan, Miss Menic, Western Armenian literature, novel, Albert Makaryan, “Falling star of the spring”, Tserents, literary movement of the 1880s.

The review presents the book of Collected Works of Taguhi Shishmanyan Melik-Azaryants (pen name Oriord Menik – 1859-1885). Taguhi Shishmanyan is the daughter of the famous novelist Tserents and also talented author of little prose. Shishamanyan’s short story “A Meteor of Spring” is the first in this genre in Western Armenian literature. After the publication in 1883, this work has got some large attention by the Western Armenian literary workers.

The book contains not only previously published author’s works but also unprinted literary heritage and letters. Texts are accompanied by numerous comments and thoroughly analyse of the authoress life and work by editor of the book A. Makaryan.

JEAN-PAUL DEMOULE, MAIS OÙ SONT PASSÉS LES INDO-EUROPÉENS? – 2015-3

Summary

Vrezh – Armen E. Artinian

Keywords – Indo-Europeans, Indo-European languages, Indo-European migrations and expansion, Branching out of IndoEuropean languages (language tree), Original Indo-European people, Indo-European primary homeland, Proto-Indo-European language, Archeology, Linguistics, Anthropology, Mythology, History, Racist diversion

In «MAIS OÙ SONT PASSÉS LES INDO-EUROPÉENS?» (Le mythe d’origine de l’Occident, La librairie du XXIe siècle, Seuil, France 2014, 748 pp), its author, Jean-Paul Demoule challenges those for whom nothing remains unsolved in the questions concerning the existence of an original Indo-European people, their primary homeland and a proto-Indo-European language. He is convinced that, with the available data in the fields of archeology, linguistics, biology and mythology, we cannot confirm without hesitation the existence of such a primary people and determine its migrations and territorial conquests, and that other explanations have to be sought to interpret the irrefutable similarities between the Indo-European languages.

Demoule summarizes the 12 canonical theses related to the origins of the Indo-European family of languages, their branching out, the relationships between the languages constituting that family, the common homeland and its location, the migrations of the Indo-Europeans, their various cultural manifestations, mythology, the ideology of the supremacy of the Aryan race, etc. He analyses them in detail in the different chapters of the book, then presents his antitheses, concluding that we cannot consider the beginnings and the prehistory of Europe as a genealogical succession of societies, ethnic groups and «cultures», but the history of a multipolar world in continuous recomposition. A similar model can be considered also for the languages. Thanks to the abundant information gathered and the modern technological means we have today, those problems can be thoroughly researched in the future.

POETICS OF HISTORY AND POSSIBILITY OF HISTORICAL WRITING – 2015-1

(Considerations on the Monograph of Albert A. Stepanyan “The Trace of History: Deeds, Writings, and Essence”)

Summary

Smbat Kh. Hovhannisyan

Key words – Civilization, civilization identity, discours, Synchrony and diachrony measurement, Lifeworld and System, Semiotics syntagma, poetics of history.

Summing up the considerations, it must be point out that the monograph represents a research space aimed at the interpretation of past in the light of poetics of history. It has been built up in accordance with the development principle (Aristotle), on one the hand, and on the concept of tripartite Soul (Plato), on the other hand. The both approaches make up the anthropomorphist mode of author’s narrative. As a result, the civilization identity (of eminent personalities) initiates various scenarios of past, present and visible future.

The space perspective (with its local and global dimensions) in harmony with the perspective of time (past, present and future) initiates a dialoguesymposium and an intellectual theatre. They are set up on the alteration and reversibility of ideas, concepts and axiological orientations giving opportunity to the author to build up his research activity according to contemporary historical theories.

Another problem is also in the focus of the author. It concerns the problem of relationship of historian’s personality with the guild of historians reaching in its highs the reversibility of the both poles. Metaphrasing Plato’s words, one could define that the crisis of history is insuperable unless it is a field of activity of men who act with profound knowledge, skills and devotion. This shapes a kind of researchers whose life and writing express the more profound layer of reality according to “necessity and probability”. The monograph under consideration meets all these demands of modern historiography and marks a new level of historical research.

THE REVIEW OF THE FILM “HRANT MATEVOSYAN” – 2013-2

Summary

Ala A. Kharatyan
In the following article, the author analyzes “Hrant Matevosyan” film where Matevosyan is represented as a time and a historical fact. In the above mentioned film Matevosyan’s role is held by the author through understanding and giving the meaning of time and history.

In her article she (the author) analyzes all methods and inter-textual interpretations with the help of which Matevosyan’s portrait is created as a cultural greatness.

THE BOOK “YEGHISHE CHARENTS. RESEARCHES” BY JENYA QALANTARYAN – 2013-2

Summary

Hayk H. Hambardzumyan
The present article is about the book “Yeghishe Charents” by Professor Jenya Qalantaryan, where the different years’ researches of professor are collected, which are dedicated to the works of the great Armenian poet Yegishe Charents. In some articles we can read about different periods and different problems of the poet’s literary. The author analyzes new facts and many famous works of Charents and makes a lot of discoveries. Jenya Qalantaryan’s new book is a new word in charentsology.