Ashot V. Voskanian
Heidegger’s short-lived cooperation with the Nazi regime has its theoretical roots in his philosophical concept of “overcoming metaphysics”. In social terms, metaphysics was identified with the technology oriented European modernity, represented by the “Americanism” and “Bolshevism”, which, according to Heidegger, were “gripping Europe in a vice”. However, Heidegger’s almost immediate disappointment in the National Socialism didn’t reconcile him with the liberal alternative of the postwar world order. Instead, he committed himself to the development of the “new way of thinking”, designed to pave the way for the future “non metaphysical” world.