Gagik K. Yeganyan Ruben S. Yeganyan
The revolutionary reforms in 1988-2001, along with the disastrous earthquake in December 1988, the Nagorno-Karabakh war and the blockade have had an overall and decisive influence on the migration situation in the country, introducing drastic changes into the reality shaped in the Soviet era. In these years, more than 3.2 million people were included in the emigration movement. The drastic changes of the emigration situation started with masses of ethnic Armenians leaving the country, continued with the dislodgement of around 200 thousand homeless inhabitants in the 1988 December earthquake zone, also caused by the influence of reforms in 1989-1991, but it turned into a more disastrous picture in the years 1992-1994, when within the period of three years about 1 million people emigrated abroad. Still, due to the influence of the reemigration developed in the next years, as well as the impact of other processes, in 1988-2001 the number of the emigrated Armenian citizens staying abroad calculated about 1.1 million people.
In the mentioned years, the immigration situation in the country was also damaged in connection with the fact of displacing a part of the population from the disaster zone and border adjacent districts to safer places, along with the intensification of the “village→city” and “city→city” flows. In the years 2002-2007, some positive displacements were accounted in the immigration and emigration processes, the future procession of which was again endangered by the influence of the world economic-financial crisis, as well as by the enlargement of Armenia’s agricultural grounds, and the development of the monopoly of the trade sphere.